Contents of Section
VB-8 Naming Modified Ring Systems (Heteroatoms, unsaturation, stereochemistry, etc.)
VB-8.1 HeteroatomsReferences for this Section
VB-8.2 Principal Functional Group
Continued with VB-8.3 Unsaturation
Heteroatoms are indicated by replacement terms (see B-4.2, B-6.1, R-18.104.22.168, R-9.3); unsaturation is indicated in the usual way by the ending -ene, -diene, etc. (see A-11.3, R-3.1.1); stereochemistry by the R/S notation (see E-4.9, R-7.2.1); and substituents and the principal functional group in the usual way (refs 6, 7).
If there is still a choice of name or numbering the following criteria are considered in order until a decision is made:
VB-8.1 Low locants are allocated for heteroatoms indicated by replacement terms considered together as a set in ascending numerical order.
not 2-oxatricyclo[2.2.1.03,5]heptane (the bridge locants determine the numbering; 2,6 is lower than 3,5; see VB-6.4)
VB-8.1.1 Low locants are allocated for heteroatoms in the order of RB-1.4 (ref 13), R-2.3.3 and R-9.3 (ref 7).
VB-8.1.2 Low locants are allocated for non-standard valency expressed by the symbol (ref 8), if necessary in order of decreasing numerical value of the bonding number, i.e. lower numbers for 6 rather than 4.
not 1,4,4-trimethyl-1,45-diphosphabicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-1-ium (15 is lower than 45)
VB-8.1.3 Low locants are allocated for radical sites, or if the ring system is a substituent, its point of attachment.
not 4,7-dioxabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-6-yl (2,6 is lower than 4,7, see VB-8.1)
Note In previous editions of these rules (A-31.4 and B-14.1, ref 6) octan-yl was contracted to oct-yl [however see R-2.5 and R-5.8.1 (ref 7) and RC-81.1.2 (ref 9) where the contraction is not used].
VB-8.1.4 Low locants are allocated for cationic sites.
14,3,54,7-tetrathiabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-1-ylium (preferred name)
Alternative name 3,54,7-trithia-1-thioniabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane
not 14,3,54,7-tetrathiabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-5-ylium (1-ylium is lower than 5-ylium)
4-methyl-2,6,7-trioxa-1,4-diphosphabicyclo[2.2.2]octan-4-ium (preferred name)
Alternative name 4-methyl-2,6,7-trioxa-1-phospha-4-phosphoniabicyclo[2.2.2]octane
not 1-methyl-3,5,8-trioxa-1,4-diphosphabicyclo[2.2.2]octan-1-ium (1,2,4,6,7 is lower than 1,3,4,5,8; see VB-8.1)
not 1-methyl-1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-1-ium-3-yl (2 is lower than 3 for free valence; see VB-8.1.3)
VB-8.2 Low locants are allocated for the principal functional groups.
6. International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry, Sections A, B, C, D, E, F and H, 1979 edition, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1979.
7. International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, A Guide to IUPAC Nomenclature of Organic Compounds, Recommendations 1993, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1993.
8. IUPAC Commission on the Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry, Treatment of variable valence in organic nomenclature (Lambda convention) (Recommendations 1983), Pure Appl. Chem., 56, 769-778 (1984).
9. IUPAC Commission on the Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry, Revised nomenclature for radicals, ions, radical ions and related species (IUPAC recommendations 1993), Pure Appl. Chem., 65, 1357-1455 (1993).
13. IUPAC Commission on the Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry, Revision of the extended Hantzsch-Widman system of nomenclature for heteromonocycles (Recommendations 1982), Pure Appl. Chem., 55, 409-416 (1983).